From Peter Lombard’s pupils comes the Scholastic re-working of the Old Latin translation (2nd century North Africa ff), to accord with the versions used by Peter in the Sentences, complete with chapters and all and finished in the 1210s.
In 1243 it was called Versio vulgata; the usual version (in Paris).
The order and the chapters of the Parisian Versio vulgata remain to this day, supplied with verse-numbers from Etienne’s 1555 Geneva Bible.
The Parisian Versio vulgata was based largely on the text of Alcwin of Northumberland c:a
800, in a small but handy format, in gothic lettering, but contains Philosophical changes to the
Texts dating back to Ambrosius of Milan and other early Platonist Academics in church offices. The Cambridge History of the Bible Vol. 2 (1969) tells about how the words in caelis were
omitted from Matt 18:10 quia angeli eorum in caelis semper vident faciem patris mei in order
to put the guardian angels firmly on earth, following the views of Hieronimus.
A similar change was made in Luke 12:35 Sint lumbi vestri praecincti et lucernae ardentes
where in manibus vestris in your hands was added because Gregory the Great and Bede had thought the lamps signified good works… (few of those in the Bible).
Most additions like these have been removed from the latest edition of the Versio vulgata, the Paul VI 1978 (whereas the extra bed in Luke 5:25 is still around in the 2000 Swedish State
Nevertheless, Maître Pierre wrote a couple of writs called Verbum abbreviatum; A Short
Word, and De vitio sodomitico; On the Sodomitic Sin, in which he invented a great number of
verses against Ganymedes – for, contrary to San Pietro, some 130 years earlier – Maître Pierre
was anti Gay. He didn’t care as much about clerks, as about Ganymedes.
Most of these "proofs" have had to be abandoned with Time – but as a compensation, anti Modern translators have invented several new ones in the late 20th Century.
Reading Leviticus 18:22 – Maître Pierre found the Idea of the Church Apostate, still alive and kicking in today’s anti Modernism. For to his dismay, he realized that the Church had not once supported the Gnosticist teachings (Sperm = Soul) of Neo Platonism.
Indeed She resisted them up to c:a 1300 (which Maître Pierre found shocking: How can it be, he asked, that the Church leaves that unpunished which the Lord punished so harshly? And as the Levites punished, may She punish equally! The rest presents itself...
And they burned people in the squares because Leviticus forbade the spilling of blood.
Maître Pierre was also the first since Johannes Chrysostomos to believe that Romans 1:26-27 talked about homosexuals, instead of bisexuals on the loose.
The theologians of the 1st Millennium agreed (pace Johannes Chrysostomos) that Romans 1:26-27 was about hetero-sexuals who exchanged what they had, for what they didn’t have. The important word in Romans 1:19-25/26-27/28-32 being ällaksan; change, (in the gloss met-ällaksan: ex-change) and Neo Platonist John Chrysostomos underlined (in his note to verse 1:27 ou gàr eipen oti ärasthäsan (from Eros) kaì epethumäsan allälån), that the gloss does not talk about persons who are enamoured and desire each other, but persons burning with Lust.
To burn with Lust was of course something utterly despicable to the very serious Alexandrians, but Note! that John takes for granted that:
1) persons of the same sex do fall in love desiring each other, and
2) the gloss 1:26-27 isn’t about this.
(not to mention, that before Johannes Chrysostomos no one thought verse 26 address lesbians
– and very few afterwards, until Maître Pierre ; = )
With the help of extreme 1179 Lateran III, the 1210 Paris Council, and 1215 Lateran IV
sodomitas became one of the 6 Phantom categories (3 theological, 3 social) to be excluded
from the Church, as they were excluded from Society:
Jews, Muslims, Heretics,
Bastards (children out of wedlock, but aimed at Priests sons), Lepers and Sodomitas.
Repentance within a year and a day, that is next Thursday before Easter, at the latest, was
required. Otherwise – Heraus!
A closer inspection reveals that these categories are impossible to define (who is a Jew? Leprosy can’t be diagnosed without difficulty even today…) but this is what makes them eminently suited for Oppression, for crowd control… But mark! that the persecution of the 6 Minorities really was all about the Social Disciplining of the Majority.
With Time, the 6 Phantom categories introduced themselves into most legal systems – but far from in all. And with the new hate crime legislations after 1945 this development is being reversed. For apart from Leprosy (which has virtally disappeared from developed countries), the minorities which are considered objects for particular protection in late modernity, are precisely those that Laterans III and IV most vilely excluded from Society.
Exegetically, not the least interesting with these High Medieval Social Policies is the Scholastics’ sloppy method. They did precisely what everybody (officially) agree is not to be done. They took a verse here and there, allegorizing them in order to transform their Alexandrian ideas into novel Social, Political and Moral policies.
Loudly claiming the Apostasy of the Church…